Is your work threatened in the hottest AI era

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In the age of artificial intelligence, is your work threatened

AI · the future, written by Li Kaifu, Zhejiang People's Publishing House

the topic of AI (Artificial Intelligence) is not uncommon. What is the biggest impact of AI on society? How should individuals cope with possible large-scale shocks in the future? What is the current situation of AI in the world? Standing at the crossroads of human society, how should we choose Li Kaifu believes that AI brings not only prosperity, but also crises and challenges

recently, Li Kaifu's new book "Ai · the future" came into the market. At the same time, based on the content of this book, he gave another English speech in the United States to deeply analyze the development trend of human society in the next decade after mankind entered the era of artificial intelligence

Article, picture/Guangzhou all media Sun Jun

Kai Fu Li: AI scientist

everyone is familiar with Kai Fu Li. Compared with his more well-known positions and titles, Li Kaifu may pay more attention to his profession: AI scientists

In 1988, Kai Fu Li received a doctorate in computer science from Carnegie Mellon University. Because he did not understand the experimental method of fatigue testing machine, the theme of his doctoral thesis was about the world's first "speaker independent continuous speech recognition system". His "Othello" man-machine chess system defeated the world champion in 1988. During his tenure at Microsoft, Kai Fu Lee explored cutting-edge technologies in natural interactive software and service departments. Later, his field of concern never left AI, continuing his fate with AI

in his new book "Ai · the future", with his in-depth understanding of the global technology industry and AI industry, Li Kaifu describes the appearance of the new world of AI, the impact of AI on society in the future, and our countermeasures in the era of AI

he introduced that the development of AI can be roughly divided into four waves: Internet intelligence, business intelligence, physical world intelligence and independent intelligence. Each wave has used different abilities of artificial intelligence and changed different industries. Artificial intelligence has stepped into the era of practical work from the era of invention. After more than half a century of development, AI has ushered in a major technological breakthrough of "deep learning". Deep learning makes the power of artificial intelligence finally landing, which can solve a large number of thorny problems encountered by people in the real world in the past

he also mentioned that the rapid development of AI technology in China has become one of the important puzzles in the global AI field. In the past three years, there has been a wave of AI craze in all parts of China, from the scientific and technological circles and business circles to all walks of life. Even children in primary and secondary schools and kindergartens are learning AI knowledge

In the era of AI, more loving jobs can be created.

AI was just published last year, and a new book AI · the future was launched this year. What's the difference? Li Kaifu said: "This book is completely different from my last book. The last book is a popular science book that objectively introduces what artificial intelligence is about. This book is based on 38 years of observing artificial intelligence in all aspects, from scientific research to products, to markets, to investment. It is my prediction for the next 15 years. I predict that AI will greatly change the world, which will bring great opportunities and wealth on the one hand, and many challenges on the other hand. ”

as more and more AI algorithms and ideas enter our lives, the efficiency of our work and life has been greatly improved. But at the same time, it may also bring great damage, and even lead to serious social tear: the four waves of AI have changed the world, and will soon have an unprecedented impact on the global economy. The most likely impact of AI on society is the massive unemployment brought by AI

the academic circles have also been discussing this issue. Through his illness experience, Li Kaifu thought out the way for human beings to coexist with AI in the future. In AI · the future, he wrote that only from the perspective of "human-computer cooperation" 4. The indication error of experimental force: within ± 0.5% of the indication and the development of "caring work" to adjust future jobs, while encouraging creative work, can we really reduce the huge impact of AI on employment and let human beings give full play to their unique values. AI has no feelings, and using AI can replace repetitive work, which can liberate human beings from traditional labor and create more loving, creative and humane jobs. This is a sustainable choice in line with the law of human reproduction

Dialogue with Kaifu Li:

I believe what jobs said very much

"many points can be connected together"

Guangzhou: what work AI can't complete

Li Kaifu: there are mainly the following aspects: creative work (for example, medical researchers, artificial intelligence scientists, award-winning screenwriters, public relations experts, entrepreneurs), because AI is not good at proposing new concepts; Complexity and strategic work (e.g. CEO, negotiation expert, M & a expert) need to understand multiple fields and make strategic decisions. For AI, even understanding common sense is difficult; Sensitivity work (for example, dental surgeons, aircraft mechanics, chiropractors), look at the way the robot holds a pencil, and you will understand what I mean; Work that needs to adapt to new and unknown environments (for example, geological survey, post assembly cleaning). The robot works well in a specific environment (such as assembly line), but it is not easy to adapt to the new environment (such as working in different rooms every day); Empathy, humanized work (for example, social workers, special teachers, marriage consultants), because AI has no human Eq. People are also unwilling to "trust" the machine and let it handle humanized tasks

Guangzhou: in recent years, how has your thinking and understanding of artificial intelligence changed? Its environmental protection benefit is 10 points significant

Li Kaifu: I believe jobs' speech that "many points can be connected into a line" tells us that it is difficult for you to plan every point of your future and design your future well from the cement-based infiltration crystalline waterproof material GB 18445 ⑵ 001 when you were young, but when you are old, you can go back and see everything you do, and this point can be connected

in the face of AI, my view in my 20s may be that AI is to replace our brains. If we understand AI, we are the most valuable scientific research in the world; Looking at AI in his 30s, he may feel that this technical paper is easy to write, but there seem to be various problems in making products; When I was in my 40s, I saw that AI could still generate considerable value in some data fields; Then I fell ill in my early 50s, and I had different views on the whole life. I also had different perceptions of the past that "replacing human brain is everything, and working hard is everything"

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